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MSGA Blog

Reminder: June cut-off dates in place for dicamba use on soybeans in Minnesota

The Minnesota Soybean Growers Association (MSGA) and Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) are reminding pesticide applicators of state-specific restrictions for the use of dicamba herbicide for the 2024 growing season. Engenia by BASF, Tavium by Syngenta and XtendiMax by Bayer are the only dicamba formulations labeled for use on dicamba-tolerant (DT) soybeans. In Minnesota, dicamba products cannot be applied on DT soybeans after June 12 south of Interstate 94 and after June 30 north of Interstate 94.

“We continue to encourage our farmers to follow the label and use this product responsibility to ensure it remains a tool for producers to control weeds,” said MSGA President Bob Worth, who also chair’s the organization’s Drift Task Force.

In addition to the cut-off date, these three dicamba products cannot be applied in Minnesota when the air temperature is over 85° Fahrenheit at the time of application or if the forecasted high temperature of the nearest available location exceeds 85°. Forecasted temperature must be recorded at the start of the application. This restriction is for the entire state.

When applying these products, applicators must have all applicable labels in their possession. Compliance with these Minnesota-specific restrictions and other restrictions listed on the product label is mandatory.

This year’s cut-off dates were first announced on Dec. 21, 2023, and follow the state restrictions of the 2022 and 2023 growing seasons. Because of those cut-off dates, the MDA saw a significant decrease in alleged drift complaints the past two years.

Dicamba is most effective early in the growing season. Product labels recommend application on small broadleaf weeds that are up to four-inches tall.

To manage weeds after the June 12 or June 30 cut-off dates, herbicides from Group 9 (Glyphosate), Group 2 (Pursuit, Classic, FirstRate), and Group 14 (Flexstar, Cobra, Cadet, Ultra Blazer) can be used. If your soybeans contain the Enlist trait, broadleaf weeds can be controlled with Enlist one or Enlist Duo herbicides. Other 2,4-D formulations cannot be used postemergence on Enlist soybeans. If you have herbicide resistant weeds such as waterhemp, follow University of Minnesota Extension recommendations on layering of residual herbicides such as Dual, Outlook, Warrant and Valor.

The postemergence dicamba products for use on soybeans are “Restricted Use Pesticides” for retail sale to and for use only by certified applicators.

Background Information

On February 6, federal registrations for Engenia, Tavium, and XtendiMax were vacated by the U.S. District Court of Arizona due to their off-site drift and injury to non-target plants. This court action prevented the use of these products in 2024. However, the EPA issued an order allowing use of product already in grower possession and limited sales and distribution of these dicamba products that are in the channels of trade.

According to the EPA’s Existing Stocks Order for Dicamba Products, the sale and distribution of XtendiMax, Engenia and Tavium ended on May 13, 2024, for purchasers south of I-94 and on May 31, 2024, for purchasers north of I-94.

Since dicamba was first registered for use on dicamba-tolerant soybeans in the 2017 growing season, MDA has fielded complaints each year of alleged off-site movement onto neighboring property. The chemical is highly volatile and can damage non-target plant species through spray drift and/or volatilization. The annual total reports for alleged drift were:

2023: 15 reports
2022: 32
2021: 304
2020: 128
2019: 20
2018: 51
2017: 249

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